Let’s start by defining what an educational model is. It’s called so when teachers put together a set of theories and pedagogic approaches to develop a study plan and the way this will be taught to students. Basically it refers to the way of teaching and learning.
Because there are different points of views of the best way of educating children, educational models can vary widely and have different branches. This is why we want to show you the most common models that are being used in schools nowadays.
1. TRADITIONAL MODEL
The traditional model is the most common in our schools, and one that has educated many generations. This model puts the teacher in the center stage of the learning process, as a total expert and knowledge transmitter, while the student’s role is as simple information receiver.
It doesn’t encourage participation very much, but it does put emphasis in repetition and memorization of knowledge, to assure the students understanding of the subject at the same time it focus on promoting discipline and responsibility.
2. BEHAVIORAL MODEL
The behavioral model centers in identifying the student’s capacity and defining objectives that allows them to develop this capacities in a measurable way. In this particular model the teacher serves as a guide and observer that helps kids to define their objectives and outline the methodology they will use to reach those objectives. In addition it also evaluates and observes the student’s performance.
Students learn by themselves and at their own pace, based on the objectives defined by their teachers, who define them based on their abilities and concerns. If the student does not manage to reach their goal, he or she would have to analyze, inquire and practice until they fulfill their task successfully, always guided by their teachers.
3. CONSTRUCTIVIST MODEL
The constructivist model considers teaching is more than simple knowledge transmission, on the opposite it believes that the students should be given the right tools for them to “construct” their own knowledge through action.
Here, students have a dynamic participation where teachers encourage their classes to think, reflect and interpret reality by themselves, helping them acquire knowledge in an organic way.
4. HUMANIST MODEL
Opposed to what it is believed, the humanist model does not focus on emotions or affective perspective, but it does consider the emotional and human part of people as fundamental characteristic that should not be ignored. This translates into a model that recognizes each and everyone of its students as unique people with different abilities, needs and concerns, that should be managed individually.
This model sees beyond preparing students academically as it tries to include values and positive behaviors that will help them maximize their abilities.
It is common for schools to adapt these models or take elements from different ones to complement them with their own experience. No matter the model you choose to educate your child, the most important is that he or she develops in a healthy environment that balances their emotional and intellectual development.